English Name: Chickpea flour / Garbanzo flour / Gram flour
Common Indian Name (Hindi): Besan
- Gram flour is made from ground Chana dal, a legume otherwise known as chickpeas.
- It has a slightly nutty flavor and earthy aroma.
- Gram flour contains a high proportion of carbohydrate but no gluten.
- In comparison to other flours gram flour has a relatively high proportion of protein.
- It is used in Italian cuisine to make farinata and in French cuisine to make socca.
- In Indian cooking flour is used widely as a thickener in curries, it also is used to make fritters called pakoras, pancakes and savory balls. Kadhi, a North-Indian soup, combines besan with yogurt and cooked spices.
- It is also mixed with milk as a cleansing face wash.