English Name: Jungle rice
Common Indian Name (Hindi): Bhagar/ Samo Seeds
- Samo seeds or Mario seeds popularly known as Bhagar in India are seeds of a grass Echinochloa Colonum .
- Echinochloa Colonum was described in 1833, as a type of wild grass which originated from tropical Asia. It was formerly classified as a type of panicum grass.
- It grows amongst the rice paddy as it requires damp and moisture laden soil.
- In Rajasthan in India the seeds are used as rice, hence its common name in English is jungle rice (wild rice).
- The wild rice is prepared in different styles across various states of India. It forms a heavy and a filling meal and used generally by Hindus on fast days.
- It forms one of the most essential Maratha cuisines and tastes excellent when prepared and accompanied with peanut curry.
- With digestible fibers, high nutritional content and excellent nourishment, bhagar is immensely popular amongst the Indian majority.
- Jungle rice is found in the Central Valley, San Francisco Bay region, western South Coast ranges, southern Sierra Nevada foothills, southwestern region inhabiting the summer-irrigated crop fields and other disturbed, moist sites. It germinates throughout the summer.