Common Indian Name (Hindi): Seb
- Apple (Malus domestica) is the pomaceous fruit from rose family Rosaceae.
- There is evidence that in vitro apples possess phenolic compounds, which may be cancer-protective and demonstrate antioxidant activity. The predominant phenolic phytochemicals in apples are quercetin, epicatechin, and procyanidin B2.
- Compared to many other fruits and vegetables, apples contain relatively low amounts of vitamin C as well as several other antioxidant compounds.
- The fiber content, while less than in most other fruits, helps regulate bowel movements and may thus reduce the risk of colon cancer.
- Research suggests that apples may reduce the risk of colon cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer.
- They may also help with heart disease, weight loss and controlling cholesterol as they do not have any cholesterol, have fiber, which reduces cholesterol by preventing reabsorption, and are bulky for their caloric content like most fruits and vegetables.
- Their pectin content may help lower cholesterol levels and treat diarrhea. They feature chlorogenic acid, which may help fight against cancer.
- Eating apples is said to be useful for people on weight loss programmes, as they have a lower glycemic index than other fruits.